The author, Dr. Haripada Adhikary MBE., B.Sc., M.B. B.S., D.O.M.S. (Cal), F.R.C.S. (Edin), F.R.C.S. (Eng), F.R.C. Ophthal (U.K.), F.I.C.S., Ph.D. (USA), a devoted scholar in Hindu relligion, has been studying the various aspects of the religion for more than 40 years. The study includes along with the religious scriptures, the practices and pattern of different communities of various castes, both in the city life and in rural Bengal, conversation with numerous religious leaders, and visiting many temples. The author also has the privilege to watch the Indian community very closely along with the side of western societies, belonging to different religion.