A History of the African-Olmecs
A History of the African-Olmecs
Black Civilizations of America from Prehistoric Times to the Present Era
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The book, A History of the African-Olmecs and Black Civilizations of America From Prehistoric Times to the Present Era, is one of the most fascinating, well-researched and well-written books on the subject of the Black and Black African presence in prehistoric and ancient Americas. This book deals with the current and past findings on the ancient African-Americas nations (throughout the Americas). It also studies present-day descendants of these ancient Africans and places attention on the ancient transatlantic as well as the transpacific ocean route by boat. The book discusses the plight of the Black Washitaw Nation of Louisiana and the South, who lost much of their ancient kingdom during the Louisiana Purchase. The plight of California’s Black Californians, the Black Jamassee of Georgia, and the Black Caribs (Garifuna) of the Caribbean is examined. The great black civilization of the Olmecs and their connection in terms of language, religion, race, and culture with the West Africans is discussed.

It is very likely that the very first inhabitants of the Americas were Negritic Blacks from Africa and Asia, who arrived in the Americas earlier than 100,000 years Before Christ. This occurrence would have taken place during a period in human history when the only Homosapiens were Negritic Blacks, and recent migrants from Africa, who entered into an uninhabited North and South America. To understand this possibility, which is becoming more factual as further evidence is gathered, we must consider the fact that mitochondrial DNA studies done over the years have already fortified the evidence which points to the mono-genetic origins of all humans present to a source somewhere in Central Africa. Furthermore, all humans came from this African source and developed into distinct races only about 40,000 years ago. This means that the Black race (Negritic) existed for more than one hundred thousand years before all other races came into being.

Gloger’s Law supports the idea that humans originated in Africa and migrated to other regions. Those who went to the cold northern lands adapted to the cold climate. In fact, according to Cheikh Antah Diop, Gloger’s Law states that warm-blooded animals originating in a hot and humid climate would be pigmented (Diop, C.A., 1991, p. 11). This fact clearly indicates that the very first humans to inhabit the Americas and the entire world came out of Africa between 200,000 to 100,000 years ago. According to The Gladwin Thesis (1947), Blacks were in the Americas as early as 70,000 B.C. These first Blacks may have been the Australoid type as well as diminutive Blacks such as the Pygmies, Agta, Bushmen and others.

It is unlikely that the prehistoric Blacks whose ramains have been discovered in the Americas, evolved from Mongoloids and developed in situ in the Americas, into Negritic racial types. This idea can be refuted due to the fact that if humans entered the Americas between 30,000 years B.C. to 150,000 years B.C., they would have had to have been Negroid. Prehistoric Blacks were moving worldwide. Consequently, the prehistoric migrants to the Americas during that period would have had to have been Negroid and Black. It seems more possible that people who were Negritic changed into the Mongoloid type in the Americas in order to adapt to the cold climate in the north. In fact, the Kong and San peoples of Southern Africa, who live in climatic regions similar to that of East Asia (the cold, windy, high veldt of Southern Africa) possess the so-called "Mongoloid" characteristics such as yellowish-brown skin, short stature and the epicantus eye fold. Yet, genetically and in most other aspects, they are typical Negroids with features that can be found from the tip of Southern Africa to North Africa among the various Negritic peoples. These Negritic peoples are the among the earliest examples of the prehistoric Homo sapien types who once settled the entire world before the development of distinct "races" in various parts of the planet. Furthermore, findings based on mitochondrial DNA proves without a doubt that the earliest ancestors of all Homo sapiens alive today came from Central Africa. The place of origin of the pre-Columbian Blacks who inhabited the Americas has been placed in a number of geographical regions, including the Americas itself. Yet, based on the close similarities between cultural assets found in West Africa, particular during the ancient, pre-Christian Ghana Empire (3000 B.C. to 400 A.D.) and those of ancient Mexico, many anthropologists, historians and scientists such as Ivan Van Sertima (They Came Before Columbus, 1976), Alexander Von Wuthenau (Unexpected Faces in Pre-Columbian America), and Andrezej Wiercinski, the Polish crainologist who concluded that there was a significant ancient African presence in ancient Mexico. Studies conducted by anthropologists, historians and others on the Blacks of Olmec Mexico show cultural similarities not merely with ancient Ghana, but with West Africa in general. For example, Ivan Van Sertima’s quote of R.A. Jairazbhoy’s quote from the Quiche Maya book, the Titulo Coyoi, clearly points to a West African origin and influence for some ot the cultural contributions to Olmec artistic works which portray Black African types or Negritic features.

In his address to the Smithsonian (1992, p.45) Van Sertima points out that the Maya Oral tradition describes artifacts and materials brought Mexico by people who most likely came from West Africa. "These things came from the East (east of the Gulf of Mexico), from the other side of the water and the sea. They came here, they had their thrones, their little benches and stools, they had their parasols and their bone flutes."(3) These items are still very common in West Africa and are used by chiefs, kings, noblemen and their entourages. Such items are symbols of power and influence. In fact, golden stools or replicas are still carried by the Ashanti Nation of Ghana, along with large, multi-colored umbrellas, flutes of bone and ivory as well as trumpets and horns of the same materials

The period in which these observations were made by the Maya may have been anytime between 1800 B.C. to about 1000 A.D. This record may have survived from a very early period in the history of Mexico, when Africans and Native Americans met somewhere in the Bay of Campeche. During this period, whether it was as early as 1800 B.C., or as late as 1000 A.D., Ghana was in existence first as a prehistoric kingdom in what is today Mauritania about 8000 B.C. In fact, this very region may have been the home of one of the most ancient civilizations on earth. According to Mobetter News (South Holland, Illinois), a prehistoric empire called the Zingh Empire existed in the present location of Mauritania about 15,000 years ago. One of its most famous Emperors was Tirus Afrik who designed the African standard, the red, black and green flag.

There are three periods which covers the history of Ghana. The first period was a continuation of a prehistoric civilization which existed in the Sahara during the Wet Phase, when much of the extensive lake covered areas had given way to dry, fertile, forest covered terrain. A culture which practiced agriculture and were connected to the Mende Speaking peoples existed in West Africa. That same culture developed into a great civilization between 3000 B.C. to 400 A.D., and continued to exist up to about 1000 A.D. It was from this Ghana, during the periods mentioned, that most of the ancient Blacks whose likenesses still exist in Olmec stonework of Mexico, sailed from Africa to Mexico.

Ghana’s earliest roots began in the region of Mauritania about fifteen thousand years ago. New information (see Mobetter News, South Holland, Illinois, Vol. VIII, #2, "Introduction to the Background and History of the African Flag (Blisschords Communications Network), places a civilization called the Zingh Empire in the region at this very ancient period. During more recent times (between 10,000 B.C. to 3,000 B.C.), the Mende agricultural complex and the Niger-Congo language family developed. This development was followed soon afterwards by the Nok Civilization which placed an emphasis on highly technical and fine works of terracotta art, iron ware, weapons and utensils, cotton cloth and textiles, gold and gold ornaments, weapons and currency. Civilization in this region continued into the renaissance phase of the Ghana Civilization, which was perhaps between 400 B.C. to 1000 AD, a very long period. Nigerian officials have dated some of the ancient terracotta artwork of the Nok region, which spread its influence all over Western Africa, to about 2700 B.C., according to the book, A General History of Af

Paul Alfred Barton is a descendant of Georgiana, an Ethiopian Lady of Royal Background exiled to the Caribbean during the mid-1800’s. Barton is also the descendant of a Black Carib great-grandfather. The Black Caribs of Garifunas are descendants of ancient West Africa to the Americas in ancient times and whose network of trading, commerce, and settlement is reminiscent of the Polynesians of the Pacific Region. Barton has written other books such as Susu and Susunomics (now in second publication), Susu Economics (1st Books Library), and Afrikuandika: The African Hieroglyphic Writing System (Vantage Press, NY). Barton is a graduate of Fresno Pacific University, attended Fresno State University, College of the Sequoias, and Los Angeles City College. He majored in Business Management with studies in History and Architecture.


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